The Arctic covers an immense area of Canada, about 40 percent of our territory. Scientists have been undertaking leading-edge research in the North for over two-thirds of our country’s lifetime and our polar researchers have a distinguished international reputation. Despite these efforts, the Arctic remains one of the least understood and most rapidly changing regions of planet. Those changes have repercussions around the globe, as arctic ice and rising temperatures influence the global climate through atmospheric and ocean currents.
As Canada celebrates its 150 years, it is a good time to reflect on the discoveries, innovations, and research that Canada has cause to be proud of.
In so many fields, Canadians have left their mark on the world and changed the face of science. We have only to look at a few examples to see the degree to which this is true.
Frederick Banting and Charles Best changed the life of diabetics the world over with their 1922 discovery of insulin.
Canada’s Sherlock Homes, Frances McGill, helped originate the field of forensic pathology through her study of crime scenes.