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Panel 13: Complex International Science, Technology and Innovation Partnerships: Lessons for Canada

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Over the past several decades, Complex International Science, Technology, and Innovation Partnerships (CISTIPs) have emerged as an increasingly popular policy instrument through which governments seek to build domestic capacity in science, technology and innovation through collaboration with globally recognized expert organizations. For example, countries like Singapore, Russia, the UAE, Portugal, and Saudi Arabia have hired leading research universities from around the globe, including MIT, Carnegie Mellon, and Harvard, to assist them in jumpstarting or strengthening selected research fields, increase innovation and entrepreneurial activity at their leading national universities, or build whole new universities from scratch. Likewise, countries like Algeria, Chile, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Thailand and the UAE have entered into collaborative satellite development projects with foreign firms and space agencies from countries such as China, France, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States, to obtain access to cutting-edge satellite technology, raise domestic engineering capabilities, and harness the broader socio-economic benefits of space engineering. CISTIPs can also be currently observed in other sectors such as nuclear power and high-speed rail. Canada has been increasingly involved in such partnerships.

While CISTIPs have become widespread, there has been little understanding of the underpinnings of such partnerships – e.g. what design and implementation approaches exist, how they fit (or do not fit) into traditional innovation policy or technology transfer patterns, or how to evaluate them in light of their complex goals and activities. This panel will present a theoretical framework to systematically analyze and design CISTIPs and better understand their roles within national science and innovation strategies. We will discuss implementation patterns and evaluation methods for CISTIPs based on emerging approaches from systems architecture, technology policy, science and technology studies, and network science. Several case studies of CISTIPs, including university partnerships and collaborative satellite development projects, will be presented to highlight successes and challenges in previous or ongoing CISTIPs. Finally, the panelists will draw conclusions about future directions for the current Canadian partnership programs and opportunities to create new partnerships to build innovation capacity in Canada.

Moderator Details

Japan Steel Industry Professor Emeritus of Engineering Systems and Civil and Environmental Engineering
MIT

Dr. Daniel Roos is the Japan Steel Industry Professor Emeritus of Engineering Systems and Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Founding Director of the MIT Portugal Program, a five-year, $40 million initiative partnership between MIT and Portugal focusing on engineering systems. The program involves over 40 MIT faculty from all five schools at MIT. Dr. Roos was the Founding Director of MIT’s Engineering Systems Division (ESD), Director of the MIT Center for Transportation Studies, and Director of the MIT Center for Technology, Policy and Industrial Development. Dr. Roos also served as Special Assistant to the MIT Chancellor and Provost, helping to form large-scale industrial and global partnerships. He had a leadership role in partnerships with Ford, Merrill Lynch, and Cambridge University in the U.K.
At MIT, Dr. Roos was Founding Director of the International Motor Vehicle Program (IMVP). He is co-author of The Machine that Changed the World, which has been published in 11 languages and has sold over 600,000 copies. Dr. Roos has performed extensive consulting assignments around the world for government and industry, including most recently the Government of Alberta, Canada. He served for 11 years as consultant to the World Economic Forum helping to organize and run the annual Auto Governors Meeting at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos Switzerland. The Governors meeting is attended by 30 automotive CEOs. Dr. Roos has chaired and served on numerous committees of the National Research Council including chairing the first National Academy study of intelligent transportation systems, as National Lecturer with the Association of Computing Machinery; and as an officer with the Transportation Research Board, Operations Research Society of America, American Society of Civil Engineers, ITS America, and Council of University Transportation Centers.

Panelist Details

Mac Hird
PhD Student
MIT

Mac Hird is PhD Student in the Engineering Systems Division at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research focuses on how networks of collaboration form between Higher Education Institutions and how such collaborations lead to innovation. He has previously worked at the National Research Council’s Board on Science Education and the Association of American Universities.

Danielle Wood
Research Engineer
Johns Hopkins University

Dr. Danielle Wood works as a systems engineer and technology policy researcher within the Systems Institute at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Wood’s research applies engineering and policy to study the complex, socio-technical systems implemented by the public sector to meet critical societal needs around the world. Dr. Wood is currently co-leading a research team executing the project entitled “Technology, Collaboration, and Learning: Modeling Complex International Innovation Partnerships;” this is funded by the US National Science Foundation. Previously, Dr. Wood worked as a systems engineer and research fellow at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, where she supported the integration and testing of satellite instruments while developing a technology policy research portfolio. Dr. Wood is a graduate of the Engineering Systems Division at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where she studied aerospace engineering, technology policy and international development. Prior to completing her studies, Dr. Wood pursued diverse experiences with NASA as an intern, guest researcher, graduate fellow, contractor and Student Ambassador. As an intern with Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA Headquarters, Dr. Wood explored new ways that NASA technology spin-offs can be deployed for the benefit of developing countries. In addition Dr. Wood applied her research within the United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs, which helps to coordinate international dialogue and awareness of space policy issues.

Sebastian Pfotenhauer
Lecturer & Research Scientist, MIT Technology & Policy Program
MIT

Sebastian Pfotenhauer is policy researcher and expert on science, innovation, and higher education policy based at the MIT Technology & Policy Program, the MIT Portugal Program, and the Harvard Program Science, Technology and Society at the Kennedy School of Government. His research interests revolve around strategies for capacity building in innovation and higher education, international university collaborations, regional and national innovation strategies, the governance of complex socio-technical systems, and the physics of lasers and plasmas. In particular, he is interested in the role of complex international STI partnerships as instruments for economic and societal development, and the global circulation of innovation models and best practices. He is currently co-leading an NSF-sponsored research project on “Technology, Collaboration, and Learning: Modeling Complex STI Partnerships.” Sebastian has been serving as consultant and advisor to various public and private sector organizations, including the OECD, Skolkovo Foundation in Russia, and the government of Alberta, Canada. He also enjoys lecturing graduate level classes in science and technology policy at MIT. He holds a Master’s degree in Technology & Policy from MIT and a PhD in Physics from the University of Jena, Germany.

Pierre Bilodeau
Chief Operating Officer
International Science and Technology Partnerships Canada (ISTPCanada)

Dr. Pierre Bilodeau has 15+ years of experience in managing S&T partnerships, program delivery, and R&D activities in both public and private sectors. As ISTPCanada’s Chief Operating Officer, he manages and monitors policies and collaboration programs under S&T cooperation agreements between Canada and three trading partner countries: Brazil, China and India. Previously, Pierre worked at the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) as Director in Research Partnerships and Research Grants & Scholarships directorates for five years where he developed and implemented innovative programs to support university-industry partnerships and international collaboration. He also engaged with several external stakeholders on S&T related issues through his active membership on the NRC-AAFC-NRCan Advisory Committee for the National Bio-product Program, the Canadian Association for Graduate Studies (CAGS), and the Consortia Advancing Standards in Research Administration Information (CASRAI) to name just a few. Prior to joining NSERC, Pierre occupied several R&D leadership positions with Medicago Inc, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing novel vaccines and therapeutics to address a broad range of infectious diseases worldwide. During this time, he also served as adjunct professor in Plant Sciences at Université Laval in Québec City. This built on his previous experience as a research scientist with the Crop and Plant Business Unit at the Alberta Research Council, and as a postdoctoral fellow with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Division of Plant Industry in Canberra, Australia. Pierre was awarded a Commonwealth Scholarship to attend the Australian National University for his PhD (1997) in plant sciences. He holds a bachelor degree (1990) and a Master’s degree (1992) in biochemistry from Université Laval in Quebec City.

Manuel Heitor
Full Professor
Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon

Manuel Heitor is Full Professor at Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, and director of the Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research, IN+, which was awarded in 2005 by the International Association of Management of Technology, IAMOT, has one of the top 50 global centres of research on Management of Technology. From March 2005 to June 2011 he served as Secretary of State for Science, Technology and Higher Education in the Government of Portugal. He was a Visiting Scholar at Harvard in 2011-12.

He earned a PhD at Imperial College, London, in 1985 in combustion research and did post- doctoral training at the University of California San Diego. Then he pursued an academic career at Técnico, Lisbon, where he served as Deputy-President for the period 1993- 1998. Since 1995, he has been Research Fellow of the IC2 Institute (Innovation, Creativity and Capital) of the University of Texas at Austin. He was co-editor of the book series on Technology Policy and Innovation, launched through Greenwood Publishers, Connecticut and continued through Purdue University Press. He was co-founder in 2002 of Globelics – the global network for the economics of learning, innovation, and competence building systems and, in 2004, a founding member of the S&T Council of the International Risk Governance Council, IRGC.