Dr. Rainer Engelhardt is the former Assistant Deputy Minister and Chief Science Officer of the Public Health Agency of Canada. Dr. Engelhardt has a career background in science and technology, initially in academic research and teaching, then progressing to commercial and public sector management. Dr. Engelhardt joined the Public Health Agency, following a successful twenty years in the private sector. He was chief executive officer of several innovative companies in the health sector, including the infectious disease domain, served as a director on the boards of numerous technology companies, and chaired BIOTECanada, Canada’s national biotechnology trade association. Prior to that, he was a founding officer and a senior executive with the U.S.-based Marine Spill Response Corporation, establishing this billion dollar enterprise. Dr. Engelhardt had joined the private sector from an executive position with the Government of Canada, where his responsibilities included environmental science and regulatory affairs, management of large national and international science and technology programs, and establishment of collaboration partnerships between resource industries and government. His career started as a university professor, with responsibilities for biomedical research, teaching and academic administration, in Massachusetts (SMU) and in Canada (UOttawa). He has a publications record as author and editor of over 150 scientific and technical publications, including three books in commercial applications of science and technology, and several patents.